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Cloth Weave Comparison

Feature Comparison

PropertyPlain WeaveTwill Weave
Good stabilityGoodAcceptable
Good drapePoorGood
Low porosityAcceptableGood
SmoothnessPoorAcceptable
BalanceGoodGood
SymmetricalExcellentAcceptable
Low crimpPoorAcceptable
CosmeticsGoodExcellent
Ease of useExcellentGood to Excellent

Summary

Plain Weave

Each warp fibre passes alternatively under and over each weft fibre. (Difficult to drape and high crimp impacts low mechanical properties).

Twill Weave

One or more warp fibres alternatively weave over and under two or more weft fibres in a regular repeated manner. This produces diagonal rib.
Superior wet out and drape, over plain, with only a small reduction in stability.
Reduced crimp gives smoother surface and high mechanicals.

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